What Is Myopia and How Is It Treated?
Myopia is more recognized by its common name, nearsightedness. Around 40 percent of Americans are living with nearsightedness. There are several causes of myopia, but most sufferers are easily treated. Our eye doctors at Eyecare Professionals are well-equipped to diagnose your condition and offer you several treatments to correct it. Here are a few facts for you to understand about this condition.
What Is Causing My Myopia?
An optometrist will have to give you the specific answer to that question. With a thorough eye exam, your eye doctor will be able to determine what is directly causing your myopia and what treatments can be pursued. There could be several conditions causing your nearsightedness, but they mainly revolve around two parts of your eye.
- Cornea: Your cornea is a clear layer of tissue that is located overtop of your iris and pupil. One of its functions is to focus light entering your eye and focusing it onto your retina. If the shape of your cornea is abnormal, the light will fall short of the retina, which will cause blurry vision.
- Lens: The lens is another component of your eye that affects how light is focused inside of your eye. Lying underneath the iris, the lens works in conjunction with the cornea to correctly focus light.
How Does an Eye Doctor Treat Myopia?
The most common treatment for myopia is corrective lenses. Eye glasses and contact lenses are simple to prescribe and use by their wearers. During an eye exam, your optometrist will determine your corrective lens prescription. It is good to have your eyes checked and prescription updated every couple of years. In this way, your eye doctor can monitor the advancement of your nearsightedness.
Orthokeratology is another method of treating nearsightedness. With this treatment, lenses are fabricated, similar to contact lenses, that you only wear while you sleep. The lenses gently shape your cornea to focus light correctly. It may take a month or so of wearing these lenses for you to achieve clear vision. After that, wearing them at least every other day will keep your cornea shaped correctly.
Corrective corneal surgeries can correct your myopia. These corneal surgeries change the curvature of your cornea to improve its focusing of light. A consultation of surgical options with your optometrist will determine if you are a candidate for surgery and which one would best fit your situation.
Other treatments for your myopia may revolve around other conditions that are hampering your eye's ability to focus light.
Myopia Treatment in Hazen, Mandan, and Washburn, ND
Contact Eyecare Professionals today for more information on myopia or to schedule an appointment with one of our eye doctors.